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Mission 20 -Weapons and Vehicles
Freedom's Heroes: Rangers Lead the Way

 Friendly Forces
5.56-millimeter M4 carbine with M203 grenade launcher
5.56-millimeter M4 carbine with M203 grenade launcher
This weapon was designed as a shorter, lightweight alternative to the M16A2 rifle, to give soldiers the ability to engage the enemy with accurate, lethal fire at close quarters. [show more...]
Gas operated, and air-cooled, it has a collapsible stock and can be fitted with rubber bullets for crowd control. The M4A1, the version made for Special Operations Forces, has a full automatic mode. But the tradeoff for making a shorter, handier version of the M16 has been in penetration, velocity and accuracy over longer ranges.

Primary function: 5.56 mm rifle for close-quarters battle
Weight: 7.92 pounds (3.6 kilograms)
Maximum effective range: area target, 2,624.8 feet (800 meters); point target, 1,650 feet (500 meters)
Rate of fire: 45 rounds per minute, semiautomatic
Other features: Can be fitted with M203 grenade launcher
Used by: Marine Expeditionary Units and U.S. Army units

MP5-N submachine gun
MP5-N submachine gun
Manufactured by Heckler and Koch, the MP5-N can be fired in an automatic or semiautomatic mode. Recoil operated, the MP5-N has a unique delayed roller locked-bolt system and boasts an illuminating flashlight, which aids in reconnaissance and battlefield missions and is operated by a custom fitted pressure switch on the pistol grip. [show more...]
Both the suppressed and the non-suppressed versions of the MP5 offer our soldiers supreme firepower in a compact size and light weight. The MP5 is the ideal weapon for fighting in close quarters with the accuracy and lethality you would expect from Special Operations weaponry. Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance Companies and Marine Security Force Battalions consider the MP5 the foremost weapon to do combat in close quarters battle (CQB) environment.

Factoid: The MP5 is the chosen weapon of the worldís most elite counter-terrorist organizations, as well as the FBI's preeminent Hostage Rescue Team.

Length Collapsed: 19.29 inches
Extended: 25.98 inches
Weight: 7.44 pounds
Bore diameter: 9mm
Maximum effective range: 328.1 feet
Rate of fire: 800 rounds per minute

9mm pistol
9mm pistol
Baíath Party weapons caches and street sales from the defunct Iraqi Army indicate a high usage of Beretta 9mm pistols by Iraqis. Specifically designed and manufactured for the US military, these semiautomatics are the standard Army sidearm, and the Marine Corps has more than 80,000 in inventory. [show more...]
Various other armies worldwide have adopted the Beretta for force protection. The handgun can be fired in double or single action mode. It has a reversible magazine release and a rear sight for spontaneous targeting. The Beretta 9mm is safe and reliable, but itís the immense power and precision that make it the militaryís top gun.

Though the US government had ordered 9mm Glock pistols for the Iraqis, the arrival and distribution hadnít made its way into Fallujah by the time the police station was overrun. The supply of weapons at the Fallujah station was so low - one gun to every four officers. According to one policeman, officers were bringing weapons from home for additional protection. Ammunition for the government-issued weaponry was inadequate too. One survivor of the police raid reported having just 10 bullets in his Kalashnikov to fend off the attackers. He survived by playing dead under a desk and managing to kick a grenade out the door. Before work the following day, he bought more bullets.

Factoid: The Beretta family has an amazing 475 years of experience in gun making and firearms expertise.

Length: 8.54 inches (21.69 centimeters)
Width: 1.50 inches (3.81 centimeters)
Height: 5.51 inches (14 centimeters)
Barrel length: 4.92 inches (12.5 centimeters)
Weight fully loaded: 2.55 pounds (1.16 kilograms)
Bore diameter: 9mm (approximately .355 inches)
Maximum effective range: 152.5 feet (50 meters)
Magazine capacity: 15 rounds
Muzzle velocity: 1200 feet (365 meters) per second
Unit Replacement Cost: $263

M24 sniper rifle
The M24, a bolt-action, six-shot repeater, was rolled out by the US Army in 1988. Its stock is made of Kevlar, graphite, and fiberglass, and a bipod can be attached for increased stability. [show more...]
Its ammunition is the M118 bullet, consisting of a metal jacket, lead slug, and a tapered tail end. It can be used with iron sights, or an M3A scope, which has separate dials to adjust for elevation, focus and wind ranges.

Primary function: 7.62 mm sniper rifle
Weight: 15 lbs. with scope (12 lbs. without)
Maximum effective range: 800 to 1,200 meters

Bradley Fighting Vehicle
According to US Army Staff Sgt. Dan Snyder, "Their convoy could have consisted of anything. In Afghanistan, they donít have a lot of vehicle assets so the convoy could have been field expedient vehicles or civilian-type pickups. They could have consisted of HMMWVs or SUVs. I can totally see these guys traveling in something like big Volvo trucks."
AK-47 Kalashnikov rifle
AK-47 Kalashnikov rifle
Durable and widely available, the AK-47 is a Russian 7.62mm assault rifle. The AK fires 100 rounds per minute even under extreme conditions such as low temperatures, from moving vehicles, and after being dunked in water, mud, or sand. [show more...]
One drawback is low muzzle velocity which makes the relatively heavy round arc at long ranges. Other drawbacks are the jams, dents, and overheated barrels that can make the weapon tough to handle. But the downsides pale in comparison to what the AK-47 offers a fighter: an easy-to-maintain gun that can deliver a high volume of fire. This is why the AK-47 has been one of the most used assault rifles in the world since the early 1950s.

Factoid: The AK-47ís inventor never earned a single ruble for the 100 million AKs in the world today. He didnít patent it.

Primary function: 7.62-mm assault rifle
Weight: 9.4 pounds (4.3 kilograms) with 30-round curved box magazine
Rate of fire: 100 rounds per minute/cyclic 600 rounds per minute
Effective range: 990 feet (300 meters)

RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade launcher
RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade launcher
A shoulder-fired, muzzle-loaded, grenade launcher, the RPG-7 fires a variety of grenades from a 40-mm launch tube. Itís light enough to be fired by one person, but an assistant usually stands to the left of the gunner for protection. [show more...]
The launcher first ejects the grenade out 10 meters, and then the grenadeís internal motor ignites and speeds it toward the target with fins that cause it to rotate slowly. Crosswinds can cut accuracy down by 50% for the gunnerís first shot, but the shaped charge in the grenade can punch through all known armored vehicles.

Primary function: Shoulder fired anti-tank weapon
Weight: 15.2 pounds (6.9 kilograms)
Effective range: 1,640 feet (500 meters)
Rate of fire: Four to six rounds per minute
Ammunition: 85 mm grenade
Other features: Can penetrate 260 mm armor

IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices)
IEDs (Improvised Explosive Devices)
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) are based on conventional military explosives that are readily available around Iraq. [show more...]
Many IEDs consist of artillery shells that are scavenged from around various storage depots or mines and disguised in any way imaginable: in concrete blocks, garbage bags, ice-making molds, and even in the carcasses of dead dogs. Hidden along the roadside or in parked cars, IEDs can be detonated by a wireless remote control, such as a doorbell switch, and witnesses have reported roadside bombs calmly detonated by men sitting in vehicles some distance from the target.

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