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Mission 37 - Weapons
Iraqi Police

 Friendly Forces
AK-47 Kalashnikov rifle
AK-47 Kalashnikov rifle
Durable and widely available, the AK-47 is a Russian 7.62mm assault rifle. The AK fires 100 rounds per minute even under extreme conditions such as low temperatures, from moving vehicles, and after being dunked in water, mud, or sand. [show more...]
One drawback is low muzzle velocity which makes the relatively heavy round arc at long ranges. Other drawbacks are the jams, dents, and overheated barrels that can make the weapon tough to handle. But the downsides pale in comparison to what the AK-47 offers a fighter: an easy-to-maintain gun that can deliver a high volume of fire. This is why the AK-47 has been one of the most used assault rifles in the world since the early 1950s.

Factoid: The AK-47ís inventor never earned a single ruble for the 100 million AKs in the world today. He didnít patent it.

Primary function: 7.62-mm assault rifle
Weight: 9.4 pounds (4.3 kilograms) with 30-round curved box magazine
Rate of fire: 100 rounds per minute/cyclic 600 rounds per minute
Effective range: 990 feet (300 meters)

9mm pistol
9mm pistol
Baíath Party weapons caches and street sales from the defunct Iraqi Army indicate a high usage of Beretta 9mm pistols by Iraqis. Specifically designed and manufactured for the US military, these semiautomatics are the standard Army sidearm, and the Marine Corps has more than 80,000 in inventory. [show more...]
Various other armies worldwide have adopted the Beretta for force protection. The handgun can be fired in double or single action mode. It has a reversible magazine release and a rear sight for spontaneous targeting. The Beretta 9mm is safe and reliable, but itís the immense power and precision that make it the militaryís top gun.

Though the US government had ordered 9mm Glock pistols for the Iraqis, the arrival and distribution hadnít made its way into Fallujah by the time the police station was overrun. The supply of weapons at the Fallujah station was so low - one gun to every four officers. According to one policeman, officers were bringing weapons from home for additional protection. Ammunition for the government-issued weaponry was inadequate too. One survivor of the police raid reported having just 10 bullets in his Kalashnikov to fend off the attackers. He survived by playing dead under a desk and managing to kick a grenade out the door. Before work the following day, he bought more bullets.

Factoid: The Beretta family has an amazing 475 years of experience in gun making and firearms expertise.

Length: 8.54 inches (21.69 centimeters)
Width: 1.50 inches (3.81 centimeters)
Height: 5.51 inches (14 centimeters)
Barrel length: 4.92 inches (12.5 centimeters)
Weight fully loaded: 2.55 pounds (1.16 kilograms)
Bore diameter: 9mm (approximately .355 inches)
Maximum effective range: 152.5 feet (50 meters)
Magazine capacity: 15 rounds
Muzzle velocity: 1200 feet (365 meters) per second
Unit Replacement Cost: $263

ZSU-23 Shilka 23MM Antiaircraft Gun
ZSU-23 Shilka 23MM Antiaircraft Gun
The ZSU-23 is designed as an anti-aircraft self-propelled gun, which can be mobilized on the ground by as few as two soldiers using a small trailer. Capable of targeting, following, and shooting down low-flying aircraft at an effective range of 2,500 meters, the ZSU can also be used to bust through vehicles or fortifications on the ground. [show more...]
ZSU-23 Shilka 23MM Antiaircraft GunThis menacing machine has two or four cannon barrels, a radar sensor pod, a day-to-night camera, and a laser rangefinder. The 23mm automatic cannons are liquid-cooled and have a cyclic rate of fire from 800 to 1,000 rounds per minute. With an integrated radar-gun stabilization system, the ZSU is capable of firing on the move and is even equipped to engage in river assaults, thanks to its one-meter fording capability.

Factoid: Americans pronounce the ZSU like zoo; the Afghans say Zeus.

Length: 6.54m
Width: 2.95m
Height: 2.25m
Antiaircraft gun: 23mm water-cooled AZP-23 cannons
Combat weight: 20.5mt
Traverse: 360 degrees
Maximum effective range (vertical): 3,000 meters
Rate of fire (maximum): 800-1,000 rounds per minute, per barrel
Rate of fire (sustained): 30 rounds per barrel, per burst

RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade launcher
RPG-7 rocket propelled grenade launcher
A shoulder-fired, muzzle-loaded, grenade launcher, the RPG-7 fires a variety of grenades from a 40-mm launch tube. Itís light enough to be fired by one person, but an assistant usually stands to the left of the gunner for protection. [show more...]
The launcher first ejects the grenade out 10 meters, and then the grenadeís internal motor ignites and speeds it toward the target with fins that cause it to rotate slowly. Crosswinds can cut accuracy down by 50% for the gunnerís first shot, but the shaped charge in the grenade can punch through all known armored vehicles.

Primary function: Shoulder fired anti-tank weapon
Weight: 15.2 pounds (6.9 kilograms)
Effective range: 1,640 feet (500 meters)
Rate of fire: Four to six rounds per minute
Ammunition: 85 mm grenade
Other features: Can penetrate 260 mm armor

M67 Fragmentation grenade
This is designed to be thrown about 40 meters and explode into fragments with a kill radius of 5 meters, and a casualty-producing radius of 15 meters. [show more...]
The M61 model has only 5.5 oz. of explosive, with a coil of serrated wire inside the body for fragmentation.

Weight: 14 oz.
Explosive: 6.5 oz., Composition B.