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Mission 6 - Force Background & Histories
Fallujah Police Station Raid

Iraqi Police
The 66th is the oldest armored unit in the United States Army, tracing its lineage to the beginning of the Tank Service in February 1918. Representing the Army as the only Armored Regiment, the ‘Iron Knights’ help test and develop the most sophisticated armored equipment in the world. Technological advances, combined with nearly indestructible warfare equipment, continue to set the pace for the next generation of fighters.

Since the beginning of the United States' occupation of Iraq, the number of Iraqi Police officers who have died in the line of duty surpasses that of all American soldiers. The IP are lightly-equipped and lightly-trained in light of the extreme opposition they face. Suicide bombings, mortar attacks, and bold daylight assaults are commonplace. Still, Iraqi police struggle to prove their capabilities independent of the US military.

In the al-Anbar region where Fallujah is located, there are approximately 6,400 members in the Iraqi police force. Nearly half are not sufficiently prepared to patrol unassisted. The US military is conducting a three-week training course to teach the tactics and skills necessary to protect the country's most dangerous regions. It's an ongoing recruitment and education effort to ready the IP to take back its city once coalition troops go home.

The future of Iraq hinges on whether the newly trained security forces can bring long-term stability to perilous cities like Fallujah. The coalition plans to turn the regions of Iraq back over to local police by June 30th. Hopefully with American training, standard issue glock pistols, and updated amenities like walkie-talkies, reliable patrol cars, and bulletproof vests, IP forces will be able to maintain law and order in currently tumultuous regions like the Sunni Triangle.

Iraqi Civil Defense Corps
Of the 25,000 Iraqi Civil Defense Corps members, about half are ex-soldiers from the Iraqi army. Presently, the ICDC are confined to joint patrols with American soldiers because of their limited capacity to protect the region. However, they're poised to get better transportation, modern communication devices, state-of-the-art weaponry, and specialized training to fight the insurgents threatening the stability of their neighborhoods, thanks to a $2 billion pledge from the Bush administration.

For now, demoralizing suicide bombings around the country, bloody ambushes, and a frighteningly high ICDC casualty rate make the corps one tough division. One-third of the US-trained soldiers quit within two months of completing the 9-week training course. One excuse is that the starting salary of $50 per month is too low, but a more plausible explanation for the high turnover rate is a deep-seated fear of their neighbors.

Some members of the ICDC are so frightened of reprisals that they replace their government-issued ICDC baseball cap with a yashmak, the head scarf sometimes worn by insurgents. Some Corps members cover their faces entirely so they won't be recognized during the patrols of busy streets and marketplaces. It's a tough situation made tougher by the global community demanding to know when the ICDC will be ready to take back their country.

Iraqi insurgents
There are dozens of insurgent groups carrying out attacks against coalition forces in Iraq: rebel forces consisting of regime loyalists, nationalistic groups opposed to the US presence, formerly suppressed Islamists, a variety of jihaddists groups and foreign militias. It is often difficult to separate the various factions as many are closely-aligned al Qaeda groups led by master terrorist Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, or even possibly the same group operating under various names.

Al-Faruq Brigades
Al-Faruq conduct their military operations in different regions, including Fallujah, where they claimed to have attacked a Bradley fighting vehicle, killing six Americans. Al-Faruq has claimed responsibility for a number of other specific attacks against U.S. forces, including an ambush on American Special Forces. The group of 6,000 to 10,000 also claims responsibility for destroying three armored vehicles and killing 10 soldiers in Ramadi. Referring to itself as the military arm of an Islamic resistance organization called the Islamic Movement in Iraq, the Brigades were coordinated in early June. Members may include secular Sunni Arabs and former employees and supporters of Saddam's regime. Al-Faruq Brigades have set up small cells or "squadrons" with Islamic names that serve different functions in the army, such as reconnaissance or combat.

Iraqi National Islamic Resistance (1920 Revolution Brigades)
With a name that beckons back to Iraq's history of fighting British colonialism, the Revolution has claimed responsibility for anti-American attacks in hopes of preventing further intervention by US and coalition forces. The group has used the Al-Jazeera media outlet to call on other Arab and Islamic countries to send troops to Iraq to aid in the insurgency.

Ansar al Islam
This Sunni group is composed primarily of ethnic Kurds from northern Iraq and has been linked to Osama bin Laden's al Qaeda network. It was formed just days before the September 11th attacks by a merger of two terrorist groups brokered by Osama bin Laden in one of his Afghanistan training camps. Ansar al Islam has also been closely associated with bin Laden lieutenant Abu Musab al Zarqawi and is held responsible for numerous terrorist attacks, including bombings and assassinations of pro-American Kurdish political leaders. They were believed to have been manufacturing Ricin, a deadly chemical weapon, in their mountain stronghold in northern Iraq just before the American invasion.

Armed Vanguards of Mohammad's Second Army
This extremist group vows to fight any Muslim or Arab that cooperates with the coalition's reconstruction efforts in Iraq. The Armed Vanguards were unknown prior to 2003, when the Ramadi-based group claimed responsibility for the attack on the U.N. Headquarters in Baghdad, which killed 23 people and wounded 100. They have a continuing mission to drive coalition forces out of Iraq, threatening to wage global jihad against all US supporters.

Islamic Armed Group of al Qaeda, Fallujah branch
The Islamic Armed Group of al Qaeda's Fallujah branch has claimed responsibility for the armed resistance against U.S. Forces in Iraq and promises to produce attacks that will "break America's back."

Al-Mahdi Army (Al-Sadr's Group)
This group also calls itself The Active Religious Seminary. The militia wing of this movement, the Mahdi Army, consists of 500-1000 trained combatants and another 5,000-6,000 active participants. In early April 2004, the militia attempted to occupy and gain control of police stations and government buildings in Baghdad, engaging coalition forces in battle using small arms and RPGs. Ongoing fighting south of Baghdad has progressively involved al-Sadr's Al-Mahdi Army. This militia force also has strong ties to Iran with powers there funneling money to al-Sadr since 2003 as part of a way to settle an Iraqi Shiite power struggle in Karbala. And Iran's Revolutionary Guard is allegedly setting up camps and training centers along the Iranian-Iraqi border to train elements of the Mahdi Army.

Al-Awdah (The Return)
The Return surfaced in mid-June. Its members, former security service members and Iraqi armed forces soldiers, organized and spread cells throughout numerous cities including Baghdad, Mosul, and Ramadi. US government analysts believe the pro-Saddam elements of the Ba'ath Party reorganized as Al-Awdah after the war began.

Black Banner Organization (Munazzamat al-Alam al-Aswad)
This organization seems to be based on nationalist and religious fervor. The Black Banner Organization calls for its followers to sabotage oil supply and industry to prevent it from being taken over and used to profit Western interests.

National Front for the Liberation of Iraq
Successful in killing some supporters of the head of the Iraqi National Congress, the group runs on both a pro-regime and religious platform. The National Front accepts ex-Republican Guards into its ranks, and it was one of the first insurgent groups to appear during the war.

Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq
This Sunni Islamist group claims Palestinian Islamist Abdallah Azzam as its spiritual mentor. In Pakistan in the 1980s, Azzam was also the spiritual leader of choice for Osama bin Laden.

Iran's paramilitary Revolutionary Guards
With covert organizations throughout Iraqi cities, the Guards have an intelligence infrastructure they can readily use for political influence and military action against coalition troops and the Iraqi people. According to one Iranian defector, the Revolutionary Guards started infiltrating Iraq through hundreds of Iranian intelligence agents long before the current war. Many of them were Iraqi refugees of Iranian origin expelled by Saddam Hussein back in the 1970s and 1980s. They infiltrated back into Iraq through Kurdish areas not under Ba'ath party control. The Revolutionary Guards also allegedly have close ties to key Osama bin Laden aide - Egyptian terrorist Ayman al-Zawahiri.

Screenshots

Fallujah Police Station Raid


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